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Winter legume crops

Legumes are grown in crop rotations, given their ability to fix nitrogen into the soil and contribute to sustainable farming practices. Australian farmers, supported by agronomists, use the most advanced technology and equipment to produce the highest quality crops.

Specific considerations for Broadacre Legumes

Peas and beans are renowned as nitrogen fixers. For this to occur, and for the health of the plant, root development is critical. Early root development sets up a crop for the season, while the ongoing supply of phosphorus to the crop is important for ongoing root growth.

A BioAg program looks to stimulate early emergence and growth, providing a sustained-release form of phosphate fertiliser.

Flower retention, pod set, and fill are critical to yields. To support crops during these critical phases a BioAg approach incorporates critical nutrients with biostimulants, that enhance nutrient uptake, and supply important enzymes, vitamins, and minerals, as part of foliar applications.

The BioAg approach

BioAg nutrition programs are incorporated into a growers current nutrition program. Our objective is to make fertiliser and other inputs work better and build and support healthy and balanced soils and plants. Programs are custom-made for each block, using advanced soil and tissue analysis. These integrated programs typically incorporate a range of BioAg solid and liquid nutrients, often associated with conventional inputs. BioAg fertility programs can be developed to meet organic certification requirements.

Soil test

An experienced and Fertcare accredited BioAg agronomist works with you and provides technical expertise on your crop. If you don’t already have recent soil test data, we arrange a soil test for you. The results provide essential information about the soil fertility and soil structure for better performance.

A tailored program

Based on the results of soil tests, crop requirements and other factors such as soil structure, climate, history of the block, and targets that you are trying to achieve, we provide a tailored program that aims to improve soil fertility and maximise yield response. We support you through the program to ensure that inputs are applied at the right time, in the right way.

Leaf and tissue testing

Any nutritional program cannot foresee the changes in weather, disease, or pests, that may impact a crop.  During the season, growers may observe issues or evidence of stress in their crop. This may be due to greater growth or yields than planned, a trace element shortage or abiotic stresses. An on-farm inspection and associated leaf or tissue tests will promptly identify any issues, which can quickly be addressed by applying the appropriate inputs.

High yielding crops require fertile balanced soils

Key to highly productive crops is the function of soils. Soil structure, chemistry and biology are critical in supporting crops throughout the growing season. By improving all aspects of the soil, crops will benefit from improved access to moisture, due to improved infiltration and water holding capacity, improved access to nutrition through improved nutrient cycling, fixation (for N) and a reduction in loss pathways, improved resilience to abiotic stresses and disease, improved root growth providing access to additional moisture and nutrients as well as improved carbon sequestration and a range of other benefits (link to resources - soil health).

Beneficial microorganisms stimulate the plant’s root growth and help protect it from abiotic stresses. This is made possible through mutually beneficial relationships that microbes develop with plants, for example mycorrhizal associations.   BioAg products programs supply essential macronutrients (N, P, K, S, Ca), trace elements (B, Zn, Cu etc.),  microbial food and metabolites beneficial microorganisms that colonise root systems, improving soil function, plant health and productivity.

chickpeas isolated on a white background

Winter legume crops – key features of a BioAg program

The following table illustrates the cropping process and potential solutions depending on soil test results and other contributing factors. Call your BioAg Area Manager to discuss your individual needs.

Planning
Objective
Growers to have a plan in place for the cropping season, that takes into account the specific nature and long term objective of their soils and farming practice.
Activity
Book a soil test and consultation with your local BioAg Representative.
BioAg Product
Prior to sowing
Objective
Provide optimal soil conditions and nutrition to support crops. Prepare soils for the period of the rotation addressing soil structure, chemistry (eg pH) and nutrition. Incorporate BioAgPhos which enables a reduction in the use of chemical starter fertiliser which can reduce emergence.
Activity
When applied, ameliorants support crops through the entire season, by including sustained release phosphate at a rate based on soil phosphate levels, depending on the needs of your crop.
BioAg Product
BioAgPhos: 200 – 500kg/ha
Prior to sowing
Objective
Provide optimal soil conditions and nutrition to support crops. Prepare soils for the period of the rotation addressing soil structure, chemistry (eg pH) and nutrition. Incorporate BioAgPhos which enables a reduction in the use of chemical starter fertiliser which can reduce emergence.
Activity
When applied, ameliorants support crops through the entire season, by including sustained release phosphate at a rate based on soil phosphate levels, depending on the needs of your crop.
BioAg Product
Sulphate of Ammonia: 50 – 100kg/ha
At sowing
Objective
Provide the essential nutrition and food sources to promote emergence and early plant growth and vigour, critical in the development of stronger, more resilient crops.
Activity
Incorporate a soil biostimulant to increase soil organic carbon and important microbial food sources and metabolites. This will improve nutrient access and minimise nutrient losses.
BioAg Product
Soil & Seed: 5 – 7L/ha as a seed inoculant or preferably diluted and applied to soil
Key growth stages
Objective
Stimulate crop growth at critical growth stages, respond to abiotic stresses and optimise the uptake and use of foliar nutrients.
Activity
Foliar application at early growth in conjunction with planned applications of chemicals or fertilisers.
BioAg Product
Balance & Grow: 2 – 4L/ha possibly more than once per season
Maturing crop
Objective
Improve fruiting, seed set and seed fill by stimulating plant physiology and providing important micronutrients for this stage of the crop's development.
Activity
Foliar application immediately prior to, or at the first sign of, flowering in conjunction with planned applications of chemicals or fertilisers.
BioAg Product
Fruit & Balance: 2 – 4L/ha

Winter legume resources

  • Pasture and hay case study, Dunkeld VIC

    A biological soil nutrition program is enabling Victorian farmers, Gavin and Vikki Bensch, to shrug off the effects of the drought and produce some of the best clover hay they have ever grown. Gavin and Vikki grow about 180 hectares of clover hay, wheat, linseed, field ...

    Read more
  • No-till cropping case study, Ganmain NSW

    While other farmers are struggling to cope with soaring fertiliser prices, Riverina grain grower, Peter Eisenhauer, has cut costs and lifted grain yields and quality after switching to a no-till biological farming system. A sixth generation farmer, Peter and his wife, G...

    Read more
  • Pasture case study, Corobimilla NSW

    Riverina farmer, Andrew Forrest, has transformed a tired farm into a highly productive property, yielding as well as any in the district after adopting a minimum till biological farming system. Andrew, his wife, Sue, and his sister and brother-in-law, Kate and Kevin Hal...

    Read more
  • Organic produce case study, Coleambally NSW

    Former rice growers, Neill and Gina Wiseman, have transformed a block of worn-out station country into a thriving large-scale organic vegetable farm by using biological farming techniques. Neill and Gina and their sons, Ryan and Luke, are now earning premiums from the s...

    Read more

Recommended products

bag of BioAg Phos solid fertiliser

BioAgPhos

Solid Fertiliser

Highly reactive phosphate fertiliser made from high-grade reactive phosphate rock combined with BioAg’s microbial digesting agent.

BioAg Biostimulant product Soil & Seed

Soil & Seed

Biostimulant

Formulated to improve soil microbial activity, natural soil fertility and moisture and nutrient utilisation.

BioAg Biostimulant product Balance & Grow

Balance & Grow

Biostimulant

Formulated to increase vegetative growth, root development and soil microbial activity. Ideal for broadacre, pastures and horticulture.

BioAg Biostimulant product Fruit & Balance

Fruit & Balance

Biostimulant

Formulated to increase flowering, fruit set and soil microbial activity. Fruit & Balance enhances the nutritional value and quality of fruit or grain by increasing plant sugar levels.

bag of BioAg Phos solid fertiliser

Committed to organics

With a core range of natural fertilisers and biostimulants, BioAg can offer an extensive range of products certified by Australian Organics, suitable for use in organic systems.