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Cherries and stone fruits

Stone fruit are of the Prunus species and include several important cultivated species. These include cherries, peaches, nectarines, plums, apricots and prunes. Production is mainly located in subtropical and temperate Australia where the industry is a major rural and regional employer. Varieties chosen for individual regions based on attributes such as soils, water quality and availability, and market advantage.

Specific considerations for cherries and stone fruit

While cherries and stone fruit do not require high levels of fertilisers they do require access to a balanced supply of nutrients throughout the growing season.

The use of sustained release fertiliser and foliar nutrients, combined with improving nutrient retention and cycling within the soil and uptake from the soil, are important in supporting trees. In addition minimising nutrient loss pathways reduces the cost associated with fertilisers and also environmental impacts.

A BioAg program will incorporate sustained release fertilisers, foliar fertilisers for periods of peak nutrient demand as well as a range of soil and foliar biostimulants formulated to enhance nutrient cycling and uptake.

The BioAg approach

BioAg nutrition programs are incorporated into a growers current nutrition program. Our objective is to make fertiliser and other inputs work better and build and support healthy and balanced soils and plants. Programs are custom-made for each block, using advanced soil and tissue analysis. These integrated programs typically incorporate a range of BioAg solid and liquid nutrients, often associated with conventional inputs. BioAg fertility programs can be developed to meet organic certification requirements.

Soil test

An experienced and Fertcare accredited BioAg agronomist works with you and provides technical expertise on your crop. If you don’t already have recent soil test data, we arrange a soil test for you. The results provide essential information about the soil fertility and soil structure for better performance.

A tailored program

Based on the results of soil tests, crop requirements and other factors such as soil structure, climate, history of the block, and targets that you are trying to achieve, we provide a tailored program that aims to improve soil fertility and maximise yield response. We support you through the program to ensure that inputs are applied at the right time, in the right way.

Leaf and tissue testing

Any nutritional program cannot foresee the changes in weather, disease, or pests, that may impact a crop.  During the season, growers may observe issues or evidence of stress in their crop. This may be due to greater growth or yields than planned, a trace element shortage or abiotic stresses. An on-farm inspection and associated leaf or tissue tests will promptly identify any issues, which can quickly be addressed by applying the appropriate inputs.

High yielding crops require fertile balanced soils

Key to highly productive crops is the function of soils. Soil structure, chemistry and biology are critical in supporting crops throughout the growing season. By improving all aspects of the soil, crops will benefit from improved access to moisture, due to improved infiltration and water holding capacity, improved access to nutrition through improved nutrient cycling, fixation (for N) and a reduction in loss pathways, improved resilience to abiotic stresses and disease, improved root growth providing access to additional moisture and nutrients as well as improved carbon sequestration and a range of other benefits (link to resources - soil health).

Beneficial microorganisms stimulate the plant’s root growth and help protect it from abiotic stresses. This is made possible through mutually beneficial relationships that microbes develop with plants, for example mycorrhizal associations.   BioAg products programs supply essential macronutrients (N, P, K, S, Ca), trace elements (B, Zn, Cu etc.),  microbial food and metabolites beneficial microorganisms that colonise root systems, improving soil function, plant health and productivity.

Several almonds lay on a flat surface

Cherries and stone fruits – key features of a BioAg program

The following table illustrates the cropping process and potential solutions depending on soil test results and other contributing factors. Call your BioAg Area Manager to discuss your individual needs.

Post harvest
Objective
Support tree recovery and monitor soils.
Activity
Apply NPK and Ca with biostimulants to enhance nutrient supply from soils. Perform soil tests.
BioAg Product
Soil & Seed: 3 – 5L/ha
Dormancy
Objective
Build soil nutrition and structure for the coming season and support early growth with appropriate levels of P and Ca.
Activity
Apply ameliorates, solid fertilisers and required micronutrients into vine rows.
BioAg Product
BioAgPhos: 100 – 250kg/ha
Objective
Build soil nutrition and structure for the coming season and support early growth with appropriate levels of P and Ca.
Activity
Apply ameliorates, solid fertilisers and required micronutrients into vine rows.
BioAg Product
or BioAgSoP: 100 – 300kg/ha
Objective
Build soil nutrition and structure for the coming season and support early growth with appropriate levels of P and Ca.
Activity
Apply ameliorates, solid fertilisers and required micronutrients into vine rows.
BioAg Product
or PotPhos with SoP: 100 – 300kg/ha
Prior to bud burst
Objective
Improve delivery of nutrients from soil to trees.
Activity
Apply biostimulants to soils.
BioAg Product
HydraHume: 10 – 20L/ha
Objective
Stimulate root activity and improve nutrient uptake from soils.
Activity
Apply biostimulants to soils.
BioAg Product
Soil & Seed: 8 – 10L/ha 7 to 10 days after HydraHume.
Bud burst to early bloom
Objective
Stimulate canopy growth and early leaves resilience to frost.
Activity
Apply foliar biostimulant.
BioAg Product
HydraSea 50: 0.5 – 1L/ha
Objective
Stimulate root activity and improve nutrient uptake from soils.
Activity
Apply biostimulants to soils.
BioAg Product
Soil & Seed: 2 – 4L/ha
Full bloom/ petal fall
Objective
Enhance nutrient uptake from the soil.
Activity
Apply biostimulants to soils.
BioAg Product
Soil & Seed: 2 – 4L/ha
shuck set & fruit set
Objective
Enhance fruit set.
Activity
Supply important micronutrients, vitamins and minerals through foliars combined with a chelator and growth stimulant to enhance uptake.
BioAg Product
Balance & Grow: 2 – 4L/ha
Fruit growth (cell division)
Objective
Enhance nutrient uptake from the soil.
Activity
Apply biostimulants to soils.
BioAg Product
Soil & Seed: 2 – 4L/ha
Objective
Apply required nutrient through foliar applications.
Activity
Supply important micronutrients, vitamins and minerals through foliars combined with a chelator and growth stimulant to enhance uptake.
BioAg Product
Balance & Grow: 2 – 4L/ha
Mid fruit growth
Objective
Improve fruit growth.
Activity
Apply necessary nutrition with a biochelator and enhnacer of sugar assimilation.
BioAg Product
Fruit & Balance: 2 – 4L/ha
Fruit maturation
Objective
Provide nutrition to enhance fruit ripening.
Activity
Apply necessary nutrition with a biochelator and enhnacer of sugar assimilation.
BioAg Product
Fruit & Balance: 2 – 4L/ha
Objective
Provide foliar to improve maturing.
Activity
Apply foliar biostimulant.
BioAg Product
HydraSea 50: 0.5 – 1L/ha
Pre harvest
Objective
Provide nutrition to enhance fruit ripening.
Activity
Apply necessary nutrition with a biochelator and enhnacer of sugar assimilation.
BioAg Product
Fruit & Balance: 2 – 4L/ha

Cherry and stone fruit resources

  • Leaf and tissue testing

    Your BioAg Area Manager may recommend a leaf or tissue test in addition to a soil test. In some cases, your BioAg Area Manager will do the leaf or tissue testing with you or for you. Use this procedure if you are doing the sampling without a BioAg expert present.

    Read more
  • Regenerative agriculture

    The term regenerative agriculture has become aligned, or associated hand in hand, with the improvement of soils, improved soil fertility, and the benefits this provides to farms and rural communities. The approach typically promoted is a holistic one, taking into accoun...

    Read more
  • Post-harvest – an important period for tree and vine crops

    The post-harvest period is critical for perennial tree crops and vines to recover from stress. This is an optimal time to replenish nutrient reserves for the next season as vegetation and roots are still active and able to absorb applied nutrients. Applications replace ...

    Read more
  • BioAg proprietary products escorting nutrients for better crop performance

    Micronutrients play a critical role in fruit set and fruit development. In viticulture or horticulture – now is the time to consider your needs for micronutrients and how to best deliver them to your crop. Micronutrients play an important role in a plant’s development, ...

    Read more

Recommended products

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Highly reactive phosphate fertiliser made from high-grade reactive phosphate rock combined with BioAg’s microbial digesting agent.

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Soil & Seed

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Formulated to improve soil microbial activity, natural soil fertility and moisture and nutrient utilisation.

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Formulated to increase vegetative growth, root development and soil microbial activity. Ideal for broadacre, pastures and horticulture.

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Formulated to increase flowering, fruit set and soil microbial activity. Fruit & Balance enhances the nutritional value and quality of fruit or grain by increasing plant sugar levels.

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Organically certified granular form of fertiliser containing potassium and sulphur. Immediately available to crops and plants. Ideal for crops with a high potassium demand and sensitive to chloride.

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PotPhos with SoP

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Incorporates BioAgSoP and BioAgPhos in a blend ideal for soils that need phosphorus, sulphur, and calcium, such as pastures and grazing.

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A liquid solution of Potassium Humate providing a product suited to building soil humus and increasing soil fertility.

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A natural seaweed extract that delivers a number of beneficial organic compounds and minerals to crops and pastures.

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Committed to organics

With a core range of natural fertilisers and biostimulants, BioAg can offer an extensive range of products certified by Australian Organics, suitable for use in organic systems.