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Almonds

Australian almond production occurs westward from the Riverina region to Sunraysia, Riverland, Northern Adelaide Plains and the Swan region in Western Australia, thriving in a Mediterranean climate. Fifty countries now buy Australian almonds, with India being Australia’s largest overseas market. The Australian almond industry is positioned to grow strongly over the next ­five years with growth remaining export focused.

Specific considerations for Almonds

Almonds require more nutrients than other tree nuts. In particular almonds require additional potassium, phosphorus, nitrogen, and calcium compared to other nut varieties. Applying the nutrients required is only part of a program designed to improve yields and quality. Building soil properties, in particular labile carbon levels, will enhance nutrient retention, cycling, and delivery to trees. Use of BioAg biostimulants adds labile carbon as well as food sources for beneficial microbes that aid in nutrient capture, cycling, and supply.

The BioAg approach

BioAg nutrition programs are incorporated into a growers current nutrition program. Our objective is to make fertiliser and other inputs work better and build and support healthy and balanced soils and plants. Programs are custom-made for each block, using advanced soil and tissue analysis. These integrated programs typically incorporate a range of BioAg solid and liquid nutrients, often associated with conventional inputs. BioAg fertility programs can be developed to meet organic certification requirements.

Soil test

An experienced and Fertcare accredited BioAg agronomist works with you and provides technical expertise on your crop. If you don’t already have recent soil test data, we arrange a soil test for you. The results provide essential information about the soil fertility and soil structure for better performance.

A tailored program

Based on the results of soil tests, crop requirements and other factors such as soil structure, climate, history of the block, and targets that you are trying to achieve, we provide a tailored program that aims to improve soil fertility and maximise yield response. We support you through the program to ensure that inputs are applied at the right time, in the right way.

Leaf and tissue testing

Any nutritional program cannot foresee the changes in weather, disease, or pests, that may impact a crop.  During the season, growers may observe issues or evidence of stress in their crop. This may be due to greater growth or yields than planned, a trace element shortage or abiotic stresses. An on-farm inspection and associated leaf or tissue tests will promptly identify any issues, which can quickly be addressed by applying the appropriate inputs.

High yielding crops require fertile balanced soils

Key to highly productive crops is the function of soils. Soil structure, chemistry and biology are critical in supporting crops throughout the growing season. By improving all aspects of the soil, crops will benefit from improved access to moisture, due to improved infiltration and water holding capacity, improved access to nutrition through improved nutrient cycling, fixation (for N) and a reduction in loss pathways, improved resilience to abiotic stresses and disease, improved root growth providing access to additional moisture and nutrients as well as improved carbon sequestration and a range of other benefits (link to resources - soil health).

Beneficial microorganisms stimulate the plant’s root growth and help protect it from abiotic stresses. This is made possible through mutually beneficial relationships that microbes develop with plants, for example mycorrhizal associations.   BioAg products programs supply essential macronutrients (N, P, K, S, Ca), trace elements (B, Zn, Cu etc.),  microbial food and metabolites beneficial microorganisms that colonise root systems, improving soil function, plant health and productivity.

Several almonds lay on a flat surface

Almonds – key features of a BioAg program

The following table illustrates the cropping process and potential solutions depending on soil test results and other contributing factors. Call your BioAg Area Manager to discuss your individual needs.

Post Harvest
Objective
Support tree recovery and monitor soils.
Activity
Apply stimulants to enhance nutrient supply from soils. Perform soil tests.
BioAg Product
Soil & Seed: 3 – 5L/ha
Dormancy
Objective
Build soil nutrition and structure for the coming season and support early growth with appropriate levels of P and Ca.
Activity
Apply ameliorates, solid fertilisers and required micronutrients into vine rows.
BioAg Product
BioAgPhos: 150 – 400kg/ha
Dormancy
Objective
Build soil nutrition and structure for the coming season and support early growth with appropriate levels of P and Ca.
Activity
Apply ameliorates, solid fertilisers and required micronutrients into vine rows.
BioAg Product
BioAgSop: 200 – 500kg/ha
Prebudburst
Objective
Improve delivery of nutrients from soil to trees.
Activity
Apply soil biostimulants.
BioAg Product
HydraHume: 10 – 20L/ha
Prebudburst
Objective
Improve delivery of nutrients from soil to trees.
Activity
Apply soil biostimulants.
BioAg Product
Soil & Seed: 8 – 10L/ha 7 – 10 days after.
Budburst to early bloom
Objective
Stimulate root activity and improve nutrient uptake from soils.
Activity
Apply biostimulants to soils.
BioAg Product
Soil & Seed: 2 – 4L/ha
Budburst to early bloom
Objective
Protect against the risk of frost.
Activity
Apply foliar stimulant.
BioAg Product
HydraSea 50: 0.5 – 1L/ha
Full bloom to petal fall
Objective
Enhance nutrient uptake from the soil.
Activity
Apply biostimulants to soils.
BioAg Product
Soil & Seed: 2 – 4L/ha
Fruit set
Objective
Enhance fruit set.
Activity
Supply important micronutrients, vitamins and minerals through foliars.
BioAg Product
Balance & Grow: 2 – 4L/ha
Fruit development
Objective
Enhance nutrient uptake from the soil.
Activity
Apply biostimulants to soils.
BioAg Product
Soil & Seed: 2 – 4L/ha
Fruit development
Objective
Enhance fruit fill.
Activity
Supply important micronutrients, vitamins, and minerals through foliar and a bio stimulant to aid uptake.
BioAg Product
Balance & Grow: 2 – 4L/ha
Hull split
Objective
Address nutrition deficiencies and improve nutrition uptake.
Activity
Supply important micronutrients, vitamins, and minerals through foliar nutrients and biostimulant.
BioAg Product
Fruit & Balance: 2 – 5L/ha
Hull split
Objective
Improve tolerance to stress.
Activity
Apply foliar biostimulant.
BioAg Product
HydraSea 50: 0.5 – 1L/ha
Maturity
Objective
Address nutrition deficiencies and improve nutrition uptake.
Activity
Supply important micronutrients, vitamins and minerals through foliar nutrients and biostimulant.
BioAg Product
Fruit & Balance: 2 – 5L/ha

Almond resources

  • Almond case study, Red Cliffs VIC

    Red Cliffs district almond grower, Barry Hensgen, began applying a high-input fertiliser program across his two blocks on the advice of a consultant several years ago. “This program aimed to achieve a yield of about 3.1 tonnes kernel per ha, which was about 30 percent h...

    Read more
  • Soil carbon

    Like most elements carbon can be present in soils in different forms. Carbon is present as organic or inorganic carbon. Inorganic carbon is mineral based with its most common form being calcium carbonate. The carbon present in soil organic matter is referred to as organ...

    Read more
  • Regenerative agriculture

    The term regenerative agriculture has become aligned, or associated hand in hand, with the improvement of soils, improved soil fertility, and the benefits this provides to farms and rural communities. The approach typically promoted is a holistic one, taking into accoun...

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  • The importance of soil carbon

    Carbon is the main element present in soil organic matter, on average making up 58% by weight. The carbon present in soil organic matter is referred to as organic carbon. Soil organic carbon is a vital component of productive agriculture. In addition sequestration of ca...

    Read more

Recommended products

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BioAgPhos

Solid Fertiliser

Highly reactive phosphate fertiliser made from high-grade reactive phosphate rock combined with BioAg’s microbial digesting agent.

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BioAgSoP

Solid Fertiliser

Organically certified granular form of fertiliser containing potassium and sulphur. Immediately available to crops and plants. Ideal for crops with a high potassium demand and sensitive to chloride.

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A liquid solution of Potassium Humate providing a product suited to building soil humus and increasing soil fertility.

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Formulated to improve soil microbial activity, natural soil fertility and moisture and nutrient utilisation.

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HydraSea 50

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A natural seaweed extract that delivers a number of beneficial organic compounds and minerals to crops and pastures.

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Balance & Grow

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Formulated to increase vegetative growth, root development and soil microbial activity. Ideal for broadacre, pastures and horticulture.

BioAg Biostimulant product Fruit & Balance

Fruit & Balance

Biostimulant

Formulated to increase flowering, fruit set and soil microbial activity. Fruit & Balance enhances the nutritional value and quality of fruit or grain by increasing plant sugar levels.

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Committed to organics

With a core range of natural fertilisers and biostimulants, BioAg can offer an extensive range of products certified by Australian Organics, suitable for use in organic systems.